Typhoon type index: A new index for understanding the rain or wind characteristics of typhoons and its application to agricultural losses and crop vulnerability

Yuan Chien Lin, Wen Hsin Wang, Chun Yeh Lai, Yong Qing Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Heavy rainfall and strong wind are the two main sources of disasters that are caused by tropical cyclones (TCs), and typhoons with different characteristics may induce different agricultural losses. Traditionally, the classification of typhoon intensity has not considered the amount of rainfall. Here, we propose a novel approach to calculate the typhoon type index (TTI). A positive TTI represents a '‘wind type’' typhoon, where the overall damage in a certain area from TCs is dominated by strong wind. On the other hand, a negative TTI represents a '‘rain type’' typhoon, where the overall damage in a certain area from TCs is dominated by heavy rainfall. From the TTI, the vulnerability of crop losses from different types of typhoons can be compared and explored. For example, Typhoon Kalmaegi (2008) was classified as a rain-type typhoon (TTI521.22). The most affected crops were oriental melons and leafy vegetables. On the contrary, Typhoon Soudelor (2015) was classified as a significant wind-type typhoon in most of Taiwan (TTI51.83), and the damaged crops were mainly bananas, bamboo shoots, pomelos, and other crops that are easily blown off by strong winds. Through the method that is proposed in this study, we can understand the characteristics of each typhoon that deviate from the general situation and explore the damages that are mainly caused by strong winds or heavy rainfall at different locations. This approach can provide very useful information that is important for the disaster analysis of different agricultural products.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)973-989
頁數17
期刊Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
59
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 2020

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