Three dimensional PtRh alloy porous nanostructures: Tuning the atomic composition and controlling the morphology for the application of direct methanol fuel cells

Yuan Zhang, Metini Janyasupab, Chen Wei Liu, Xinxin Li, Jiaqiang Xu, Chung Chiun Liu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

101 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

A strategy for the synthesis of PtRh alloy 3D porous nanostructures by controlled aggregation of nanoparticles in oleylamine is presented. The atomic ratio between the two components (Pt and Rh) is tuned by varying the concentration of precursor salts accommodating the oxidation of methanol. The morphology of PtRh alloy nanostructure is controlled by elevating the temperature of the reaction system to 240 °C. The prepared 3D porous nanostructures provide a high degree of electrochemical activity and good durability toward the methanol oxidation reaction compared to those of the commercial Pt/C (E-TEK) and PtRh nanoparticles. Therefore, the 3D alloy porous nanostructures provide a good opportunity to explore their catalytic properties for methanol oxidation. PtRh alloy 3D nanostructures are synthesized by controlling aggregation of nanoparticles in oleylamine. The 3D alloy catalyst, composed of interconnected metallic particles, provides a large surface area and effective transport of reactive species. The properly prepared 3D porous nanostructures exhibit high electrochemical activity and good durability toward the methanol oxidation.

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頁(從 - 到)3570-3575
頁數6
期刊Advanced Functional Materials
22
發行號17
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 11 9月 2012

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