Three-Dimensional Engineering Geological Model and Its Applications for a Landslide Site: Combination of Grid- and Vector-Based Methods

Thanh Tùng Nguyễn, Jia Jyun Dong, Chia Han Tseng, Ivo Baroň, Chao Wei Chen, Chao Chin Pai

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


A three-dimensional engineering geological model (EGM), which provides an approximation of the geological conditions, is a key element in any engineering project. The slope at Huafan University, Mt. Dalun, in the Western Foothills of northern Taiwan, is a dip slope that has been assumed to be unstable. The bedrock is mainly composed of intercalated sandstone and shale, where the thickness of the sandstone varies from thin to massive, interbedded with shale from the Miocene age. By interpolating the thickness of the colluvium derived from borehole data and analyzing the contours of the interpolation surface result, we find that the landslide material accumulates at the slope foot, towards the southwest in the direction of movement. Due to tectonic control—in particular, considering the two local faults that pass through the study area—the strata’s orientation significantly changes over the studied slope. As a basis for the 3D EGM, polynomial surface fitting is applied for detailed analysis of the sub-surface geological structure, as well as to compute the regressive orientation of the bedding plane derived from the borehole data. Based on the calculated regression plane passing through the elevations of the geological interface (key bed), the results indicate that the regression plane’s direction is consistent with the outcrop measurements. Moreover, several cross-sectional profiles are considered to visualize and clarify the 3D EGM. Finally, surface and sub-surface monitoring data are compared with the result, in order to refine the 3D EGM. The proposed geological model is expected to contribute to the comprehensive understanding of gravitational slope deformation, and may serve as a guideline to minimize potential disasters.

期刊Water (Switzerland)
出版狀態已出版 - 10月 2022


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