The SnRK1A protein kinase plays a key role in sugar signaling during germination and seedling growth of rice

Chung An Lu, Chih Cheng Lin, Kuo Wei Lee, Jyh Long Chen, Li Fen Huang, Shin Lon Ho, Hsin Ju Liu, Yue Ie Hsing, Su May Yu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

193 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Sugars repress α-amylase expression in germinating embryos and cell cultures of rice (Oryza sativa) through a sugar response complex (SRC) in α-amylase gene promoters and its interacting transcription factor MYBS1. The Snf1 protein kinase is required for the derepression of glucose-repressible genes in yeast. In this study, we explored the role of the yeast Snf1 ortholog in rice, SnRK1, in sugar signaling and plant growth. Rice embryo transient expression assays indicated that SnRK1A and SnRK1B act upstream and relieve glucose repression of MYBS1 and αAmy3 SRC promoters. Both SnRK1s contain N-terminal kinase domains serving as activators and C-terminal regulatory domains as dominant negative regulators of SRC. The accumulation and activity of SnRK1A was regulated by sugars posttranscriptionally, and SnRK1A relieved glucose repression specifically through the TA box in SRC. A transgenic RNA interference approach indicated that SnRK1A is also necessary for the activation of MYBS1 and αAmy3 expression under glucose starvation. Two mutants of SnRK1s, snrk1a and snrk1b, were obtained, and the functions of both SnRK1s were further studied. Our studies demonstrated that SnRK1A is an important intermediate in the sugar signaling cascade, functioning upstream from the interaction between MYBS1 and αAmy3 SRC and playing a key role in regulating seed germination and seedling growth in rice.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)2484-2499
頁數16
期刊Plant Cell
19
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 8月 2007

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