The orbital evolution of Atira asteroids

H. T. Lai, W. H. Ip

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審


Asteroids having perihelion distance q < 1.3 AU are classified as near-Earth objects (NEOs), which are divided into different sub-groups: Vatira-class, Atira-class, Aten-class, Apollo-class, and Amor-class. 2020 AV2, the first Vatira (Orbiting totally inside Venus' orbit) was discovered by the Twilight project of the Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF) on 2020 January 4. Upon the discovery of 2020 AV2, a couple of orbital studies of the short-term orbital evolution of 2020 AV2 have been performed and published (e.g. de la Fuente Marcos & de la Fuente Marcos 2020; Greenstreet 2020). In this work, we performed an assessment of the long-term orbital evolution of known near-Earth objects and known Atiras under the Yarkovsky effect by using the Mercury6 N-body code. We considered not only planetary gravitational perturbation but also the non-gravitational Yarkovsky effect. Our calculation shows that the NEOs have generally two dynamical populations, one short-lived and the other long-lived. From our calculation, the transfer probabilities of Atira-class asteroids to Vatira-class asteroids for the first transition are ∼13.1 ± 0.400, ∼13.05 ± 0.005, and ∼13.25 ± 0.450 percent for different values of the Yarkovsky force (i.e. obliquity of 0, 90, and 180 deg), respectively. It suggests that the radiation force may play some role in the long-term evolution of this asteroid population. Finally, our statistical study implicates that there should be 8.14 ± 0.133 Atira-class asteroids and 1.05 ± 0.075 Vatira-asteroids of the S-type taxonomy.

頁(從 - 到)5921-5929
期刊Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
出版狀態已出版 - 1 12月 2022


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