The development and evaluation of a sequential aerosol-water measurement system

Shao En Sun, Shih Yu Chang, Chung Te Lee

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

摘要

Aerosol water content (AWC) is associated with aerosol formation, aerosol–cloud interaction, and atmospheric visibility degradation; however, few studies have directly measured the mass of water in aerosols. Studies on AWC have employed modeling techniques [e.g., ISORROPIA II and the Extended Aerosol Inorganics Model (E-AIM) III)], the thermal-ramp Karl-Fisher method, and conducted volume-based measurements by using a hygroscopic tandem differential mobility analyzer (H-TDMA). The current study developed a sequential aerosol-water measurement system (SAWMS) that sequentially collects particles with up to 10 filters and measures AWC immediately after the collection. With this system, the loss of semi-volatile species was lower, and contamination during sample transport was reduced. The AWC measurement results were validated by comparing them with modeling results obtained in this study and the results obtained in previous studies. The measurement results for three aerosolized salts—NaCl, NH4NO3, and (NH4)2SO4—were found to be in favorable agreement with the corresponding modeling results and results from previous studies. The relationship between aerosol mass change (AMC) and relative humidity (RH) was investigated. The deliquescence RH (DRH) was 75%, 63%, and 81% for NaCl, NH4NO3, and (NH4)2SO4, respectively, whereas efflorescence RH was observed only for NaCl at 40%–50% RH. The AWC of mixed inorganic salts exhibited weak mutual DRH at 45%–50% RH. By contrast, the AWC obtained using ISORROPIA II and E-AIM III exhibited a gradual rather than an abrupt change of RH upon deliquescence. The measured AWC values were more similar to the values obtained with ISORROPIA II than to the values obtained with E-AIM III. To compare our mass-based measurements with the volume-based measurements obtained in previous studies using H-TDMAs, we derived the relationships of hygroscopicity parameter and growth factor with AMC. We discovered that the aforementioned relationships were comparable. In summary, the developed SAWMS integrates a sequential aerosol collection device with a gas chromatograph equipped with a thermal conductivity detector; the system performs well in the quantification of AWC and provides an additional chance of the filter for further chemical analysis.

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文章編號118671
期刊Atmospheric Environment
264
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 1 11月 2021

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