Tectonic Controls on Gas Hydrate Distribution Off SW Taiwan

C. Berndt, W. C. Chi, M. Jegen, E. Lebas, G. Crutchley, S. Muff, S. Hölz, M. Sommer, S. Lin, C. S. Liu, A. T. Lin, D. Klaeschen, I. Klaucke, L. Chen, H. H. Hsu, P. Kunath, J. Elger, K. D. McIntosh, T. Feseker

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

36 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The northern part of the South China Sea is characterized by widespread occurrence of bottom simulating reflectors indicating the presence of marine gas hydrate. Because the area covers both a tectonically inactive passive margin and the termination of a subduction zone, the influence of tectonism on the dynamics of gas hydrate systems can be studied in this region. Geophysical data show that there are multiple thrust faults on the active margin while much fewer and smaller faults exist in the passive margin. This tectonic difference matches with a difference in the geophysical characteristics of the gas hydrate systems. High hydrate saturation derived from ocean bottom seismometer data and controlled source electromagnetic data and conspicuous high-amplitude reflections in P-Cable 3-D seismic data above the bottom simulating reflector are found in the anticlinal ridges of the active margin. In contrast, all geophysical evidence for the passive margin points to normal to low hydrate saturations. Geochemical analyses of gas samples collected at seep sites on the active margin show methane with heavy δ 13 C isotope composition, while gas collected at the passive margin shows light carbon isotope composition. Thus, we interpret the passive margin as a typical gas hydrate province fueled by biogenic production of methane and the active margin gas hydrate system as a system that is fueled not only by biogenic gas production but also by additional advection of thermogenic methane from the subduction system.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)1164-1184
頁數21
期刊Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
124
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 2月 2019

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