Understanding carrier creation and evolution in materials initiated by pulsed optical excitation is central to developing ultrafast optoelectronics. We demonstrate herein that the dynamic response of a system can be drastically modified when its physical dimension is reduced to the atomic scale, the ultimate limit of device miniaturization. A comparative study of single-layer (SL) tungsten diselenide (WSe2) relative to bulk WSe2 shows substantial differences in the transient response as measured by time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (TRARPES). The conduction-band minimum in bulk WSe2, populated by optical pumping, decays promptly. The corresponding decay for SL WSe2 is much slower and exhibits two time constants. The results indicate the presence of two distinct decay channels in the SL that are correlated with the breaking of space inversion symmetry in the two-dimensional limit. This symmetry breaking lifts the spin degeneracy of the bands, which in turn causes the blockage of decay for one spin channel. The stark contrast between the single layer and the bulk illustrates the basic carrier scattering processes operating at different timescales that can be substantially modified by dimensional and symmetry-reduction effects.
|期刊||Physical Review B|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 17 12月 2019|