Sustaining Star Formation in the Galactic Star Cluster M 36?

Alik Panja, Wen Ping Chen, Somnath Dutta, Yan Sun, Yu Gao, Soumen Mondal

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


We present comprehensive characterization of the Galactic open cluster M 36. Some 200 member candidates, with an estimated contamination rate of ∼8%, have been identified on the basis of proper motion and parallax measured by the Gaia DR2. The cluster has a proper motion grouping around (μα cos δ = -0.15 ± 0.01 mas yr-1, and μ δ = - 3.35 0.02 mas yr-1), distinctly separated from the field population. Most member candidates have parallax values 0.7-0.9 mas, with a median value of 0.82 0.07 mas (distance ∼1.20 0.13 kpc). The angular diameter of 27′ ± 0′.4 determined from the radial density profile then corresponds to a linear extent of 9.42 0.14 pc. With an estimated age of ∼15 Myr, M 36 is free of nebulosity. To the southwest of the cluster, we discover a highly obscured (A V up to ∼23 mag), compact (∼1′.9 × 1′.2) dense cloud, within which three young stellar objects in their infancy (ages ≲0.2 Myr) are identified. The molecular gas, 3.6 pc in extent, contains a total mass of (2-3) 102 M o˙, and has a uniform velocity continuity across the cloud, with a velocity range of -20 to -22 km s-1, consistent with the radial velocities of known star members. In addition, the cloud has a derived kinematic distance marginally in agreement with that of the star cluster. If physical association between M 36 and the young stellar population can be unambiguously established, this manifests a convincing example of prolonged star formation activity spanning up to tens of Myr in molecular clouds.

期刊Astrophysical Journal
出版狀態已出版 - 20 3月 2021


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