Sustainability concept in decision-making: Carbon tax consideration for joint product mix decision

Wen Hsien Tsai, Jui Chu Chang, Chu Lun Hsieh, Tsen Shu Tsaur, Chung Wei Wang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

10 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Carbon emissions are receiving greater scrutiny in many countries due to international forces to reduce anthropogenic global climate change. Carbon taxation is one of the most common carbon emission regulation policies, and companies must incorporate it into their production and pricing decisions. Activity-based costing (ABC) and the theory of constraints (TOC) have been applied to solve product mix problems; however, a challenging aspect of the product mix problem involves evaluating joint manufactured products, while reducing carbon emissions and environmental pollution to fulfill social responsibility. The aim of this paper is to apply ABC and TOC to analyze green product mix decision-making for joint products using a mathematical programming model and the joint production data of pharmaceutical industry companies for the processing of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) in drugs for medical use. This paper illustrates that the time-driven ABC model leads to optimal joint product mix decisions and performs sensitivity analysis to study how the optimal solution will change with the carbon tax. Our findings provide insight into 'sustainability decisions' and are beneficial in terms of environmental management in a competitive pharmaceutical industry.

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文章編號1232
期刊Sustainability (Switzerland)
8
發行號12
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 2016

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