Superlattice nanowire heat engines with direction-dependent power output and heat current

David M.T. Kuo, Yia Chung Chang

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

2 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Heat engines (HEs) made of low dimensional structures offer promising applications in energy harvesting due to their reduced phonon thermal conductance. Many efforts have been devoted to the design of HEs made of quantum-dot (QD) superlattice nanowire (SLNW), but only SLNWs with uniform energy levels in QDs were considered. Here we propose a HE made of SLNW with staircase-like QD energy levels. The asymmetrical alignment of energy levels of quantum dots embedded in nanowires can be controlled to allow resonant electron transport under forward temperature bias, while they are in off-resonant regime under reverse temperature bias. Under such a mechanism, the power output and efficiency of such a SLNW are better than SLNWs with uniform QD energy levels. The SLNW HE has direction-dependent power output and heat current. In addition, the HE has the functionality of a heat diode with impressive negative differential thermal conductance under open circuit condition.

期刊Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
出版狀態已出版 - 1月 2020


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