Structures and numerical ranges of power partial isometries

Hwa Long Gau, Pei Yuan Wu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

We derive a matrix model, under unitary similarity, of an n-by-n matrix A such that A,A2,⋯,AK (k≥1) are all partial isometries, which generalizes the known fact that if A is a partial isometry, then it is unitarily similar to a matrix of the form [0B 0C] with B* B+C*C=I. Using this model, we show that if A has ascent k and A, A 2,⋯,Ak-1 are partial isometries, then the numerical range W(A) of A is a circular disc centered at the origin if and only if A is unitarily similar to a direct sum of Jordan blocks whose largest size is k. As an application, this yields that, for any Sn-matrix A, W(A) (resp., W(⊗ A)) is a circular disc centered at the origin if and only if A is unitarily similar to the Jordan block Jn. Finally, examples are given to show that, for a general matrix A, the conditions that W(A) and W(⊗ A) are circular discs at 0 are independent of each other.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)325-341
頁數17
期刊Linear Algebra and Its Applications
440
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 1 1月 2014

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