Strong ground motion and pulse-like velocity observations in the near-fault region of the 2018 M w 6.4 Hualien, Taiwan, earthquake

Chun Hsiang Kuo, Jyun Yan Huang, Che Min Lin, Ting Yu Hsu, Shu Hsien Chao, Kuo Liang Wen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

33 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The maximum observed peak ground acceleration (PGA) and peak ground velocity (PGV) at various stations during the 2018 Hualien, Taiwan earthquake were 594 Gal and 146 cm=s, respectively. Pulse-like velocities were observed at all stations within a distance of 4 km from the Milun fault. The horizontal spectral accelerations of the pulse-like records indicated two obvious amplifications at periods of roughly 1 and 2 s. Natural frequencies of 0.8–1.5 Hz were observed in the region near the Milun fault using microtremor measurements. The spectral acceleration peak at periods of roughly 2 s is mostly seen in the east–west direction, indicating a typical fault-normal seismic radiation from the fault rupture. Consequently, we contend that the amplifications of spectral acceleration at approximately 1 and 2 s were caused by site amplification and the rupture front, respectively. The site amplification at approximately 1 s may have been one reason for the collapse of medium-rise buildings during this earthquake. Evident soil nonlinearity resulted in smaller horizontal than vertical PGA at many stations in the near-fault region.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)40-50
頁數11
期刊Seismological Research Letters
90
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 1 2月 2019

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