Revisiting Taiwan's semi-presidentialism at a critical juncture

研究成果: 書貢獻/報告類型篇章同行評審


Semi-presidentialism has become a popular constitutional choice of nascent democracies since the early 1990's. The core features of the system are a directly elected president and a prime minister who leads the cabinet and answers to the parliament. Taiwan fulfilled the requirements of semi-presidentialism by 1997 and joined this constitutional club of more than fifty countries. However, as there are a wide range of operational possibilities that semi-presidentialism demonstrates in different countries, one could not be sure of what subtype of the system Taiwan would end up with when it first adopted it. A semi-presidential country is forced to choose a subtype when it faces incongruence, i.e., when the presidential party fails to control the parliament and the inherent tension in the system erupts. This study concentrates on the president's appointing power as the most important indicator of the sub-system of semi-presidentialism in which the country finds itself. He may be a broker in quasi-parliamentariamism, a partner in alternation, an imposer in compromise, or a commander in presidential supremacy. This chapter applies this model to Taiwan and finds that "presidential supremacy" has been the primary system. It then concludes by considering possible reform to counteract the tensions in this form of government.

主出版物子標題Environmental, Political and Social Issues
發行者Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
出版狀態已出版 - 14 7月 2021


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