Pupillometry as an integrated readout of distinct attentional networks

Christoph Strauch, Chin An Wang, Wolfgang Einhäuser, Stefan Van der Stigchel, Marnix Naber

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧評介論文同行評審

54 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The course of pupillary constriction and dilation provides an easy-to-access, inexpensive, and noninvasive readout of brain activity. We propose a new taxonomy of factors affecting the pupil and link these to associated neural underpinnings in an ascending hierarchy. In addition to two well-established low-level factors (light level and focal distance), we suggest two further intermediate-level factors, alerting and orienting, and a higher-level factor, executive functioning. Alerting, orienting, and executive functioning – including their respective underlying neural circuitries – overlap with the three principal attentional networks, making pupil size an integrated readout of distinct states of attention. As a now widespread technique, pupillometry is ready to provide meaningful applications and constitutes a viable part of the psychophysiological toolbox.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)635-647
頁數13
期刊Trends in Neurosciences
45
發行號8
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 8月 2022

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