Ametrym (AMT) is the most widely used herbicide and frequently detected in the aquatic environment. AMT also represent a potential health risk to aquatic organisms and animals, including humans. However, little data are available on their toxicity to zebrafish (Danio rerio). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the toxicological effects of AMT exposure on zebrafish embryos. In the acute toxicity test, 6 hpf embryos were exposed to various concentrations of AMT for 24 or 48 h. The results indicated that AMT induced malformation in larvae. To investigate the toxicological mechanism on the protein expression level. A proteomic approach was employed to investigate the proteome alterations of zebra fish embryos exposed to 20 mg/L AMT for 48 h. Among 2925 unique proteins identified, 298 differential proteins (> or <1.3-fold, P < 0.05) were detected in the treated embryos as compared to the corresponding proteins in the untreated embryos. Gene ontology analysis showed that these up-regulated proteins were most involved in glycolysis, lipid transport, protein polymerization, and nucleotide binding, and the down-regulated proteins were related to microtubule-based process, protein polymerization, oxygen transport. Moreover, KEGG pathway analysis indicated that tight junction, ribosome, and oxidative phosphorylation were inhibited in the treated embryos. These findings provide new insight into the mechanisms of toxicity induced by AMT.