Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Crystallization Kinetics in an Electric Field

Rizmahardian Ashari Kurniawan, Peter Po Jen Chu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


To study the effect of applied electric field on polymer crystallization, the crystallization of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) was observed under modified polarized optical microscopy. The PVDF melts were crystallized based on programmed temperature, changes between two transparent conductive glass electrodes, on which a DC electric field was applied. The observations revealed that without the electric field, crystallizations below 160 °C resulted in only α-form crystals, while, at elevated temperatures, the formation of γ-form crystals also occurred. By applying the electric field at 1.7 kV/cm, γ-form crystals started emerging at the slightly lower temperature of 158 °C. Further examinations showed that both crystals, α-form and γ-form, grew at a greater rate with increasing field strength. A careful calculation of the Avrami parameters supported the data that the electric field enhanced the crystallization kinetics. Careful calculation based on the Laurientz–Hoffmann approach revealed that applying the electric field decreased the required energy for PVDF crystallization. The folding surface free energy of the PVDF crystallization, 1.76 × 10−2 Jm−2, was reduced to 1.57 × 10−2 Jm−2 and 1.43 × 10−2 Jm−2 after applying electric fields of 0.8 and 1.7 kVcm−1, respectively. We suggest that the electric field promoted the polymer chain alignment during the crystallization; as a result, it accelerated the polymer crystallization and lowered the energy requirement for crystallization.

頁(從 - 到)738-754
期刊Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part B: Physics
出版狀態已出版 - 2023


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