Physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms

N. Balan, Y. Otsuka, M. Nishioka, J. Y. Liu, G. J. Bailey

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

54 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The paper studies the physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes, which are generally opposite both during the main phase (MP) and recovery phase (RP) of geomagnetic storms. The mechanisms are based on the natural tendency of physical systems to occupy minimum energy state which is most stable. The paper first illustrates the recent developments in the understanding of the mechanisms during daytime MPs when generally negative ionospheric storms (in Nmax and TEC) develop at equatorial latitudes and positive storms occur at higher latitudes, including why the storms are severe only in some cases. The paper then investigates the relative importance of the physical mechanisms of the positive ionospheric storms observed at equatorial latitudes (within ±15°) during daytime RPs when negative storms occur at higher latitudes using CHAMP Ne and GPS-TEC data and Sheffield University Plasmasphere Ionosphere Model. The results indicate that the mechanical effect of the storm-time equatorward neutral winds that causes plasma convergence at equatorial F region could be a major source for the positive storms, with the downwelling effect of the winds and zero or westward electric field, if present, acting as minor sources. Key PointsPositive ionospheric storms during RPs due to plasma convergencePhysical mechanisms based on stable minimum energy stateSevere space weather seems to be due to the rate of energy release during CMEs

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)2660-2669
頁數10
期刊Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
118
發行號5
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 5月 2013

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