Photo-desorbed species produced by the UV/EUV irradiation of an H 2 O:CO 2 :NH 3 ice mixture

Y. J. Chen, M. Nuevo, C. C. Chu, Y. G. Fan, T. S. Yih, W. H. Ip, H. S. Fung, C. Y.R. Wu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

9 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

An H 2 O:CO 2 :NH 3 = 1:1:1 ice mixture, used as a model mixture for cometary and interstellar ices, was irradiated with ultraviolet (UV)/extreme ultraviolet (EUV) photons in the broad 4-20 eV (62-310 nm) energy range at 16 K. The desorbed species were detected in situ by mass spectrometry during photo-irradiation, and a quartz microbalance was used as a substrate to measure the mass of material remaining on the surface. The total mass desorption for this H 2 O:CO 2 :NH 3 = 1:1:1 ice mixture at 16 K was measured to be 1.8 × 10 -18 μg photon -1 , which is comparable to the 1.5 × 10 -18 μg photon -1 measured for pure H 2 O ice irradiated under the same conditions. The main desorbed species produced during the photolysis of the ices were H 2 , NH 2 , OH , CO, and O 2 , along with the starting components H 2 O, NH 3 , and CO 2 . We also tentatively assigned minor mass peaks to larger species such as OCN /OCN - , HNCO, CH 4 , H 2 CO, CH 3 OH, and HCOOH. This result supports the scenario in which complex organic molecules can be formed in cometary and/or astrophysical ices and desorbed to the gas phase, and helps to better understand the photochemical processes occurring at the surface of Solar System icy bodies such as comets, as well as in cold astrophysical environments such as star-forming regions and protostars.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)1633-1644
頁數12
期刊Advances in Space Research
47
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 3 5月 2011

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