Orthographic variations and visual information processing

Daisy L. Hung, Ovid J. Tzeng

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

127 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

On the basis of an analysis of how graphemic symbols are mapped onto spoken languages, 3 writing systems with 3 relations between script and speech are identified: logography, syllabary, and alphabet. The systems show a trend that seems to coincide with that of the cognitive development of children. This coincidence may imply that different cognitive processes are required for achieving reading proficiency in different writing systems. The studies reviewed include experiments on visual scanning and lateralization, perceptual demands, word recognition, speech recoding, and sentence comprehension. Results indicate that human visual information processing is indeed affected by orthographic variation but only at the lower levels (data-driven or bottom-up processes). With respect to higher-level processing (concept-driven or top-down processes), reading behavior seems to be immune to orthographic variations. Further analyses of segmentation in script as well as in speech revealed that every orthography transcribes sentences at the level of words and that the transcription is achieved in a morphemic way. (41/2 p ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)377-414
頁數38
期刊Psychological Bulletin
90
發行號3
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 11月 1981

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