We present an optimization design for a stereo-photographic system where achromatic double-prism arrays are used in front of the camera lens to reduce chromatic aberration and distortion. Due to the optical properties of the prism, the image formed by a single-prism array exhibits large chromatic aberration and distortion. The chromatic aberration and distortion for both single-prism array and double-prism array stereo-photographic systems were analyzed by the CODE V software. The double-prism arrays have larger distortion, but the chromatic aberration is small. The distortion arising from the double-prism arrays can be compensated by the camera lens design. The design results show that the maximum spot size is reduced from 17.7 μm to 8.8 μm after optimization. The proposed stereo-photographic system has high-quality stereo images.