Nanoscale layer transfer by hydrogen ion-cut processing: A brief review through recent U.S. patents

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻回顧評介論文同行評審

4 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: A hydrogen-based Ion-Cut layer-transfer technique, the socalled Ion-Cut or Smart-Cut processing, has been used in transferring a semiconductor membrane onto a desired substrate to reveal unique characteristics on a nanoscale size and to build functional electronic and photonic devices that are used for specific purposes. For example, the sub-100 nm thick silicon membrane transferred onto an insulator became a key substrate for fabricating nanoscale integrated circuit (IC) devices. Recent U.S. patents have exhibited integration of various thinning approaches requiring precision of a few nanometers in fabricating large-area semiconductor nanomembranes, especially for silicon. This paper reviews published patents and work on fabricating sub-100 nm silicon membranes with well-defined features without a chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) thinning process. This included material analysis leads to ultraprecision thickness in the sub-100 nm region. Methods: This paper combines an analysis of peer-reviewed articles and issued patents using focused review keywords of hydrogen implantation, wafer bonding, and layer splitting. The quality of selected patents was appraised based on the authors’ 20-year research experience in the field of ultrathin silicon layer-transfer technology. Results: The paper covered more than 10 U.S. patents that have been filed on hydrogen-based Ion-Cut layer-transfer techniques. These patents described approaches for inserting hydrogen ions to split at a well-defined location and then transfer the as-split silicon membrane at the nanoscale thickness onto a desired substrate. Hydrogen-trap sites, implantation energy, and interface of the distinct doped regions could define the layer-split location. The insertion of high-dose hydrogen ions could be thoroughly achieved by ion implantation, plasma ion immersion implantation (PIII), plasma diffusion, and electrolysis. Conclusion: The article concludes with the discussion of the patent-orientated review of layer-transfer techniques and makes some concrete suggestions for manufacturing the FDSOI substrate, the key material technology to fabricate nanoscale microelectronics for applications in artificial intelligence for “Industry 4.0.”

頁(從 - 到)42-49
期刊Recent Patents on Nanotechnology
出版狀態已出版 - 2017


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