A series of new ionic fullerene derivatives (C60-RNH3-X; X = Cl, Br, or I) were designed especially for using as additives for tin perosvkite (TPsk, with chemical formula of FA0.98EDA0.01SnI3) to form TPsk-C60-RNH3-X bulk heterojunction (BHJ) films. Inverted tin-perovskite solar cells (TPSCs) based on BHJ TPsk-C60-RNH3-Br absorber achieved the highest power conversion efficiency up to 11.74% with very high FF of 73%, without current hysteresis and stable in a glovebox. The designed spherical ionic fullerene halide additive, sitting in the grain boundaries of the TPsk film, can not only improve the quality of the TPsk film and change the valence band energy to match better with the PEDOT:PSS hole transporter but also be a carrier transporting connector between tin-perovskite grains, the defects/traps passivation/healing agent by interacting with Sn2+ ions and filling the halogen vacancies. The functions of the ionic fullerene halide additive were revealed with XRD patterns, SEM images, element mapping, UPS spectra, infrared spectra, AFM, and SCLC data. Being able to passivate newly generated defects during device operation or sitting on the shelf is an important step to improve the long-term stability of TPSCs. If a passivation agent can move dynamically during cell operation or storage to heal the defects of perovskite, the instability problem of TPSCs can be alleviated. The spherical ionic fullerene halide could be one of the ideal passivation agents satisfying this purpose.
|頁（從 - 到）||46603-46614|
|期刊||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 19 10月 2022|