Mangrove forests distributed along the coastal areas and river deltas in tropical and subtropical regions provide fundamental ecological services and habitats for a variety of wildlife species. Because of the conversion of mangrove forests to agricultural lands, the dramatic decline of mangrove forests in Irrawaddy Delta, South Myanmar during the past 30 years has been noticed and caused environment impacts, including habitat loss, reduction of biodiversity, and the increase of coastal erosion. This study firstly aims to investigate the changes of mangrove forests over the region of Irrawaddy Delta, using Landsat imageries during the periods of 1989 to 2014. Second, by a land cover modeling tool, Probabilistic Landscape Simulation (ProLAMS), is applied for predicting the future change of mangrove forests over the region. Specifically, ProLAMS adopts logistic regression analysis and cellular automata to assess the likelihood of future mangrove forest distribution. Different from other ecological models that mainly focuses on the mangrove decline, ProLAMS considers the increase pattern and decrease pattern at the same time to reflect the heterogeneous change of mangrove forest dynamics. Two major findings are: (1) from 1989 to 2014, both increase and decrease of mangrove forests are found in different parts of study area, but area of decrease is more significant than increase, showing about 26.7% decline of mangrove area within the period; (2) based on the model prediction, 16.8% decline of mangrove area from 2014 to 2030 is predicted. In sum, this study suggests that satellite imagery and the proposed model can provide the prediction of future scenarios for mangrove forests. We expect this approach can be useful and applicable for other regions to assist ecosystem conservation activity.
|出版狀態||已出版 - 2015|
|事件||36th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing: Fostering Resilient Growth in Asia, ACRS 2015 - Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines|
持續時間: 24 10月 2015 → 28 10月 2015
|???event.eventtypes.event.conference???||36th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing: Fostering Resilient Growth in Asia, ACRS 2015|
|城市||Quezon City, Metro Manila|
|期間||24/10/15 → 28/10/15|