## 摘要

Evidence for a flavor asymmetry between the ū and d¯ quark distributions in the proton has been found in deep-inelastic scattering and Drell-Yan experiments. The pronounced dependence of this flavor asymmetry on x (fraction of nucleon momentum carried by partons) observed in the Fermilab E866 Drell-Yan experiment suggested a drop of the d¯(x)/ū(x) ratio in the x>0.15 region. We report results from the SeaQuest Fermilab E906 experiment with improved statistical precision for d¯(x)/ū(x) in the large x region up to x=0.45 using the 120 GeV proton beam. Two different methods for extracting the Drell-Yan cross section ratios, σpd/2σpp, from the SeaQuest data give consistent results. The d¯(x)/ū(x) ratios and the d¯(x)-ū(x) differences are deduced from these cross section ratios for 0.13<x<0.45. The SeaQuest and E866/NuSea d¯(x)/ū(x) ratios are in good agreement for the x≲0.25 region. The new SeaQuest data, however, show that d¯(x) continues to be greater than ū(x) up to the highest x value (x=0.45). The new results on d¯(x)/ū(x) and d¯(x)-ū(x) are compared with various parton distribution functions and theoretical calculations.

原文 | ???core.languages.en_GB??? |
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文章編號 | 035202 |

期刊 | Physical Review C |

卷 | 108 |

發行號 | 3 |

DOIs | |

出版狀態 | 已出版 - 9月 2023 |