Three new families of borondifluoride complexes 1a–c derived from salicylideneamines 2a and β-enaminoketonates 2b–c were reported, and their mesomorphic and optical properties were also investigated. One single crystal and molecular structure of nonmesogenic BF2 complex 1c (n = 10) was resolved and the geometry of the central boron atom was tetrahedron. A larger dihedral angle of 81.3° between the two phenyl rings observed in crystal lattice was attributed to the lack of liquid crystallinity. Boron complexes 1a formed monotropic SmA phases, while boron complexes 1b exhibited enantiotropic SmC mesophases. The optical property of the boron complexes was dependent on their molecular structures, and they emitted a blue–to–green emission at λmax = 476–541 nm in the solution and 488–550 nm in the solid state. This is the first group of mesogenic BF2 complexes with the Schiff bases derived from respective salicylideneamines and β-enaminoketones.