The kinetic behaviors of simultaneous phosphorus release and denitrification on sludge were investigated under anoxic condition. A phosphorus enriched sludge produced from Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (AnAO) process under various SRT (5, 10 and 15 days) operation conditions was carried out in a series of batch tests. Experimental results indicated that the available organic substrate determined the kinetic behaviors of phosphorus release/uptake and denitrification. The simultaneous phosphorus release and denitrification demonstrated a kinetic competition under anoxic conditions in the presence of an available organic substrate. When the substrate was abundant, sludge was under `releasable-phosphorus-limited' condition; phosphorus release rate decreased slightly by nitrate inhibition. However, nitrate significantly inhibited phosphorus release when sludge was under `initial-substrate-limited' condition. Moreover, the sludge's phosphorus contents (as created by different SRT processes) dominated the kinetics of competition between phosphorus release and denitrification. The sludge with a high phosphorus content had a higher phosphorus release rate in accordance with a lower denitrification rate. Additionally, the substrate sequestrated rate markedly increased under the condition of simultaneous phosphorus release and denitrification. Finally, a preliminary metabolism model of denitrifying phosphorus removal bacteria was proposed, and found to be capable of adequately accounting for simultaneous phosphorus release and denitrification under anoxic conditions.