Investigation of the correlation patterns and the Compton dominance variability of Mrk 421 in 2017

V. A. Acciari, S. Ansoldi, L. A. Antonelli, A. Arbet Engels, M. Artero, K. Asano, A. Babić, A. Baquero, U. Barres De Almeida, J. A. Barrio, I. Batković, J. Becerra González, W. Bednarek, L. Bellizzi, E. Bernardini, M. Bernardos, A. Berti, J. Besenrieder, W. Bhattacharyya, C. BigongiariO. Blanch, A. Bošnjak, G. Busetto, R. Carosi, G. Ceribella, M. Cerruti, Y. Chai, A. Chilingarian, S. Cikota, S. M. Colak, E. Colombo, J. L. Contreras, J. Cortina, S. Covino, G. D'Amico, V. D'Elia, P. Da Vela, F. Dazzi, A. De Angelis, B. De Lotto, M. Delfino, J. Delgado, C. Delgado Mendez, D. Depaoli, F. Di Pierro, L. Di Venere, E. Do Souto Espiñeira, D. Dominis Prester, A. Donini, M. Doro, V. Fallah Ramazani, A. Fattorini, G. Ferrara, M. V. Fonseca, L. Font, C. Fruck, S. Fukami, R. J. García López, M. Garczarczyk, S. Gasparyan, M. Gaug, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, P. Gliwny, N. Godinović, J. G. Green, D. Green, D. Hadasch, A. Hahn, L. Heckmann, J. Herrera, J. Hoang, D. Hrupec, M. Hütten, T. Inada, S. Inoue, K. Ishio, Y. Iwamura, I. Jiménez, J. Jormanainen, L. Jouvin, Y. Kajiwara, M. Karjalainen, D. Kerszberg, Y. Kobayashi, H. Kubo, J. Kushida, A. Lamastra, D. Lelas, F. Leone, E. Lindfors, S. Lombardi, F. Longo, R. López-Coto, M. López-Moya, A. López-Oramas, S. Loporchio, B. Machado De Oliveira Fraga, C. Maggio, P. Majumdar, M. Makariev, M. Mallamaci, G. Maneva, M. Manganaro, L. Maraschi, M. Mariotti, M. Martínez, D. Mazin, S. Menchiari, S. Mender, S. Mićanović, D. Miceli, T. Miener, M. Minev, J. M. Miranda, R. Mirzoyan, E. Molina, A. Moralejo, D. Morcuende, V. Moreno, E. Moretti, V. Neustroev, C. Nigro, K. Nilsson, K. Nishijima, K. Noda, S. Nozaki, Y. Ohtani, T. Oka, J. Otero-Santos, S. Paiano, M. Palatiello, D. Paneque, R. Paoletti, J. M. Paredes, L. Pavletić, P. Peñil, C. Perennes, M. Persic, P. G. Prada Moroni, E. Prandini, C. Priyadarshi, I. Puljak, M. Ribó, J. Rico, C. Righi, A. Rugliancich, L. Saha, N. Sahakyan, T. Saito, S. Sakurai, K. Satalecka, F. G. Saturni, K. Schmidt, T. Schweizer, J. Sitarek, I. Šnidarić, D. Sobczynska, A. Spolon, A. Stamerra, D. Strom, M. Strzys, Y. Suda, T. Surić, M. Takahashi, F. Tavecchio, P. Temnikov, T. Terzić, M. Teshima, L. Tosti, S. Truzzi, A. Tutone, S. Ubach, J. Van Scherpenberg, G. Vanzo, M. Vazquez Acosta, S. Ventura, V. Verguilov, C. F. Vigorito, V. Vitale, I. Vovk, M. Will, C. Wunderlich, D. Zarić, D. Baack, M. Balbo, N. Biederbeck, A. Biland, T. Bretz, J. Buss, D. Dorner, L. Eisenberger, D. Elsaesser, D. Hildebrand, R. Iotov, K. Mannheim, D. Neise, M. Noethe, A. Paravac, W. Rhode, B. Schleicher, V. Sliusar, R. Walter, F. D'Ammando, D. Horan, A. Y. Lien, M. Baloković, G. M. Madejski, M. Perri, F. Verrecchia, C. Leto, A. Lähteenmäki, M. Tornikoski, V. Ramakrishnan, E. Järvelä, R. J.C. Vera, W. Chamani, M. Villata, C. M. Raiteri, A. C. Gupta, A. Pandey, A. Fuentes, I. Agudo, C. Casadio, E. Semkov, S. Ibryamov, A. Marchini, R. Bachev, A. Strigachev, E. Ovcharov, V. Bozhilov, A. Valcheva, E. Zaharieva, G. Damljanovic, O. Vince, V. M. Larionov, G. A. Borman, T. S. Grishina, V. A. Hagen-Thorn, E. N. Kopatskaya, E. G. Larionova, L. V. Larionova, D. A. Morozova, A. A. Nikiforova, S. S. Savchenko, I. S. Troitskiy, Y. V. Troitskaya, A. A. Vasilyev, O. A. Merkulova, W. P. Chen, M. Samal, H. C. Lin, J. W. Moody, A. C. Sadun, S. G. Jorstad, A. P. Marscher, Z. R. Weaver, M. Feige, J. Kania, M. Kopp, L. Kunkel, D. Reinhart, A. Scherbantin, L. Schneider, C. Lorey, J. A. Acosta-Pulido, M. I. Carnerero, D. Carosati, S. O. Kurtanidze, O. M. Kurtanidze, M. G. Nikolashvili, R. A. Chigladze, R. Z. Ivanidze, G. N. Kimeridze, L. A. Sigua, M. D. Joner, M. Spencer, M. Giroletti, N. Marchili, S. Righini, N. Rizzi, G. Bonnoli

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

18 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Aims. We present a detailed characterisation and theoretical interpretation of the broadband emission of the paradigmatic TeV blazar Mrk 421, with a special focus on the multi-band flux correlations. Methods. The dataset has been collected through an extensive multi-wavelength campaign organised between 2016 December and 2017 June. The instruments involved are MAGIC, FACT, Fermi-LAT, Swift, GASP-WEBT, OVRO, Medicina, and Metsahovi. Additionally, four deep exposures (several hours long) with simultaneous MAGIC and NuSTAR observations allowed a precise measurement of the falling segments of the two spectral components. Results. The very-high-energy (VHE; E 100 GeV) gamma rays and X-rays are positively correlated at zero time lag, but the strength and characteristics of the correlation change substantially across the various energy bands probed. The VHE versus X-ray fluxes follow dierent patterns, partly due to substantial changes in the Compton dominance for a few days without a simultaneous increase in the X-ray flux (i.e., orphan gamma-ray activity). Studying the broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) during the days including NuSTAR observations, we show that these changes can be explained within a one-zone leptonic model with a blob that increases its size over time. The peak frequency of the synchrotron bump varies by two orders of magnitude throughout the campaign. Our multi-band correlation study also hints at an anti-correlation between UV-optical and X-ray at a significance higher than 3. A VHE flare observed on MJD 57788 (2017 February 4) shows gamma-ray variability on multi-hour timescales, with a factor ten increase in the TeV flux but only a moderate increase in the keV flux. The related broadband SED is better described by a two-zone leptonic scenario rather than by a one-zone scenario.We find that the flare can be produced by the appearance of a compact second blob populated by high energetic electrons spanning a narrow range of Lorentz factors, from 0 min = 2104 to 0 max = 6105.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
文章編號A89
期刊Astronomy and Astrophysics
655
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 1 11月 2021

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  • Mrk421 multi-instrument observations in 2017

    Acciari, V. A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Ansoldi, S. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Antonelli, L. A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Arbet Engels, E. A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Artero, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Asano, K. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Babić, A. (貢獻者), Baquero, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Barres De Almeida, D. A. U. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Barrio, J. A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Batković, I. (貢獻者), Becerra González, G. J. (貢獻者), Bednarek, W. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bellizzi, L. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bernardini, E. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bernardos, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Berti, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Besenrieder, J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bhattacharyya, W. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bigongiari, C. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Blanch, O. 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(???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Giroletti, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Marchili, N. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Righini, S. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Rizzi, N. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bonnoli, G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Antonelli, L. A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Arbet Engels, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Babic, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Baquero, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Barres De Almeida, U. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Barrio, J. A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Becerra Gonzalez, J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bednarek, W. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bernardini, E. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bernardos, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Berti, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Bosnjak, Z. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Busetto, G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Carosi, R. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Cerruti, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Colombo, E. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Contreras, J. L. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Cortina, J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Covino, S. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Dazzi, F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), De Lotto, B. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Delfino, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Depaoli, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Di Pierro, F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Donini, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Fallah Ramazani, V. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Fonseca, M. V. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Garcia Lopez, R. J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Gasparyan, S. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Giglietto, N. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Giordano, F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Godinovic, N. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Green, J. G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Green, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Hadasch, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Hahn, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Heckmann, L. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Hoang, J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Inada, T. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Iwamura, Y. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Kubo, H. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Kushida, J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Lelas, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Leone, F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Lombardi, S. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Longo, F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Lopez-Moya, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Maneva, G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Mariotti, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Martinez, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Mazin, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Mirzoyan, R. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Molina, E. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Moreno, V. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Nilsson, K. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Nishijima, K. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Noda, K. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Oka, T. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Paneque, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Paoletti, R. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Paredes, J. M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Persic, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Puljak, I. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Ribo, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Rico, J. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Sahakyan, N. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Sakurai, S. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Satalecka, K. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Schweizer, T. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Sobczynska, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Strom, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Tavecchio, F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Temnikov, P. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Teshima, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Tosti, L. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Verguilov, V. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Vigorito, C. F. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Vitale, V. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Will, M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Baack, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Biland, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Dorner, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Elsaesser, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Hildebrand, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Mannheim, K. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Rhode, W. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Schleicher, B. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Walter, R. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Madejski, G. M. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Fuentes, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Agudo, I. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Larionova, E. G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Chen, W. P. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Jorstad, S. G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Marscher, A. P. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Reinhart, D. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Chanishvili, R. G. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???) & Pandey, A. (???dataset.roles.dataset.creator???), Centre de Donnees Strasbourg (CDS), 2021

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