Interannual variation of the late fall rainfall in central Vietnam

Tsing Chang Chen, Jenq Dar Tsay, Ming Cheng Yen, Jun Matsumoto

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

69 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

The heavy rainfall/flood (HRF) event in central Vietnam usually occurs in October-November, the maximum rainfall season. This rainfall maximum undergoes a distinct interannual variation, opposite the interannual variation of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies averaged over the NOAA Niño-3.4 area-ΔSST(Niño-3.4)-but coincident with the intensification (weakening) of the low-level easterlies at 158N and westerlies at 5°N. The changes of low-level zonal winds reflect the strengthening (weakening) of the tropical cyclonic shear flow in tropical South/Southeast Asia in response to the tropical Pacific SST anomalies. Because the rainfall maximum in central Vietnam is primarily produced by the HRF cyclone, the interannual rainfall variation in this region should be attributed to the HRF cyclone activity-a new perspective of the climate change in precipitation. On average, one HRF cyclone occurs in each cold late fall. The population of the HRFcyclone may not be an important factor causing the interannual rainfall variation in central Vietnam. During the cold late fall, the rain-producing efficiency of the individual HRF cyclone is statistically almost twice those during warm and normal late falls and the most crucial factor leading to the interannual rainfall variation in central Vietnam. It is shown by further hydrological analysis that the increase (decrease) of the HRF cyclone's rain-producing efficiency is determined by the large-scale environmental flow through the enhancement (weakening) of the regional convergence of water vapor flux.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)392-413
頁數22
期刊Journal of Climate
25
發行號1
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 1月 2012

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