A proper design of the injection barrier between a source electrode and an active layer is essential to achieve high-performance vertical organic field-effect transistors (VOFETs). Here, we show that a modification of metallic source electrodes with thiol-based self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) is effective in controlling the electrode work function and injection barrier into the active layer, leading to a significantly reduced off-current and undegraded on-current in an optimized VOFET. For the studied C60 VOFETs with Ag electrodes, the on/off ratio improves from <10 to 103-104 when the injection barrier is varied from 0.02 to 0.33 eV by SAM modification.
|期刊||Applied Physics Express|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 11月 2017|