Impact of social and economic factors on global thyroid cancer incidence and mortality

Yi Chiung Hsu, Sheena Yi Hsin Cheng, Ming Nan Chien, Shih Ping Cheng

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

3 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Purpose: The incidence of thyroid cancer has increased substantially over the past few decades and is partially explained by overdiagnosis. Geographical variations in incidence rates were reported to be related to national development status. This study aimed to gain deeper insights into global thyroid cancer burden by incorporating additional social and economic factors to account for cross-national disparities. Methods: We performed a multivariate analysis of age-standardized incidence and mortality data from the GLOBOCAN 2020 database for 126 countries that had more than 100 incident cases of thyroid cancer. The human development index (HDI), current health expenditure, and additional Global Health Observatory indicators were extracted from multiple sources. Results: Age-standardized incidence was highly correlated with HDI (standardized coefficient beta = 0.523, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.275–0.771) among the countries studied. The prevalence of raised fasting blood glucose was associated with age-standardized mortality (beta = 0.277, 95% CI = 0.038–0.517). Generally, the mortality-to-incidence ratio was higher in males than in females. In multivariate analysis, HDI (beta = − 0.767, 95% CI = − 0.902 to − 0.633), current health expenditure (beta = 0.265, 95% CI = 0.137–0.394), and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations (beta = 0.192, 95% CI = 0.086–0.298) were associated with mortality-to-incidence ratios. Conclusions: National developments gauged by HDI explain the majority of the variation in incidence rates of thyroid cancer but play a smaller role in disparities in mortality rates. The association between air pollution and thyroid cancer outcomes warrants further investigation.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)4185-4193
頁數9
期刊European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
280
發行號9
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 9月 2023

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