Immobilized Glucose Oxidase in the Potentiometric Detection of Glucose

Lemuel B. Wingard, James F. Castner, Shang J. Yao, Sidney K. Wolfson, Allan L. Drash, Chung C. Liu

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

18 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Previous work has shown that glucose oxidase can be immobilized on platinum to give an electrode that responds potentiometrically to glucose over the clinically useful range of about 10-250 mg glucose/100 mL. The present studies were carried out with electrochemically pretreated platinum and with gold or porous graphite substituted for the platinum support. The presence of the enzyme gave a significantly enhanced potentiometric response over that obtained with the bare support for both the pretreated platinum and the porous graphite, but not with gold. However, with platinum the potentiometric response became more negative with increasing glucose concentration. With porous graphite, the potential changed in the positive direction as the glucose concentration was increased. Hysteresis was demonstrated for the platinum-enzyme electrode. Mass transfer measurements with a rotating ring-disc electrode (RRDE) showed measurable diffusional resistances to the transport of a model electroactive compound (potassium ferrocyanide) through a matrix of immobilized enzyme attached to the disc of the RRDE. These results are part of a larger study to define the source of the potentiometric response by examining the roles of the support and the mass transfer resistances through the immobilized enzyme matrix.

頁(從 - 到)95-104
期刊Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
出版狀態已出版 - 2月 1984


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