Transmittance spectra, atomic-force microscopic images, energy-dispersive X-ray spectra and droplet contact angle images show that a facile wet etching process can be used to manipulate the thickness, surface roughness, surface chemical composition and surface wettability of the indium-tin oxide (ITO) thin films, which influences the molecular packing structure of the P3CT-Na thin films and thereby dominating the crystal quality of the CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) thin films. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the P3CT-Na based MAPbI3 solar cells can be improved from 17.02% to 19.35% by increasing the Sn/In concentration ratio of the ITO thin films from 0.36 to 0.47 with a facile wet etching process at a constant temperature of 40 °C. It is noted that the PCE of the optimal solar cell decreases slowly toward a stable PCE of 16% for more than 60 days under moderate environment conditions (55 ± 10 RH%).
|期刊||Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 10月 2021|