Hamiltonian boundary term and quasilocal energy flux

Chiang Mei Chen, James M. Nester, Roh Suan Tung

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

50 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


The Hamiltonian for a gravitating region includes a boundary term which determines not only the quasilocal values but also, via the boundary variation principle, the boundary conditions. Using our covariant Hamiltonian formalism, we found four particular quasilocal energy-momentum boundary term expressions; each corresponds to a physically distinct and geometrically clear boundary condition. Here, from a consideration of the asymptotics, we show how a fundamental Hamiltonian identity naturally leads to the associated quasilocal energy flux expressions. For electromagnetism one of the four is distinguished: the only one which is gauge invariant; it gives the familiar energy density and Poynting flux. For Einstein's general relativity two different boundary condition choices correspond to quasilocal expressions which asymptotically give the ADM energy, the Trautman-Bondi energy and, moreover, an associated energy flux (both outgoing and incoming). Again there is a distinguished expression: the one which is covariant.

期刊Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
出版狀態已出版 - 15 11月 2005


深入研究「Hamiltonian boundary term and quasilocal energy flux」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。