We provide evidence that gravitational radiation in a 4D radiation dominated universe, with equation of state w=1/3, consists of two components: helicity-2 gravitons and massless scalar acoustic waves. On physical grounds, we would expect the homogeneous solution of the Weyl tensor components to be a good approximation to its inhomogeneous counterparts, whenever the observer is located well in the far zone of an isolated astrophysical source of cosmological gravitational radiation. We show explicitly that these homogeneous and inhomogeneous solutions both receive contributions from the gauge-invariant tensor and the two Bardeen (acoustic) scalars. Comparison of these Weyl tensor computations thus allows us to not only identify, in the high frequency limit, the corresponding gravitational tensor and scalar radiation; but also their oscillatory polarization patterns.
|期刊||Physical Review D|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 15 6月 2021|