Particle production in Au+Au collisions has been measured in the PHOBOS experiment at RHIC for a range of collision energies. Three empirical observations have emerged from this dataset which require theoretical examination. First, there is clear evidence of limiting fragmentation. Namely, particle production in central Au + Au collisions, when expressed as dN/dη′ (η′ = η -ybeam), becomes energy independent at high energy for a broad region of η′ around η′ = 0. This energy-independent, region grows with energy. allowing only a limited region (if any) of longitudinal boost-invariance. Second, there is a striking similarity between particle production in e+e - and Au + Au collisions (scaled by the number of participating nucleon pairs). Both the total number of produced particles and the longitudinal distribution of produced particles are approximately the same in e +e- and in scaled Au + Au. This observation was not predicted and has not been explained. Finally, particle production has been found to scale approximately with the number of participating nucleon pairs for 〈Npart〉 > 65. This scaling occurs both for the total multiplicity and for high pT particles (3 < pT < 4.5 GeV/c).