Four-dimensional (4D) wind fields were derived from radiance measurements of the Geosynchronous Interferometric Infrared Sounder (GIIRS) onboard the FengYun-4A satellite with 15-min temporal resolution during Typhoon Maria (2018). Results are evaluated with independent ERA5 reanalysis, Global Data Assimilation System (GDAS) analysis and dropsonde wind profiles, and show a statistical root mean squared error less than 2 m/s for U and V components in troposphere against ERA5 and GDAS. The temporal variation of the wind fields from GIIRS at 15-min intervals is consistent with that of the hourly ERA5. The added value of wind profiles over the numerical weather predictions (NWP) background field is also revealed. Further experiments confirm that higher temporal resolution from geostationary infrared (IR) sounder measurements could provide better dynamic information. 4D dynamic information can be extracted from high temporal resolution geostationary hyperspectral IR radiances in a consistent and continuous manner that can be used together with the thermodynamic information for various quantitative applications such as NWP data assimilation, near real-time weather monitoring, situational awareness and nowcasting.