Expanding the simulation of East Asian super dust storms: physical transport mechanisms impacting the western Pacific

Steven Soon Kai Kong, Saginela Ravindra Babu, Sheng Hsiang Wang, Stephen M. Griffith, Jackson Hian Wui Chang, Ming Tung Chuang, Guey Rong Sheu, Neng Huei Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審


Dust models are widely applied over the East Asian region for the simulation of dust emission, transport, and deposition. However, due to the uncertainties in estimates of dust transport, these methods still lack the necessary precision to capture the complexity of transboundary dust events. This study demonstrates an improvement in the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model dust treatment during long-range transport of dust from northwestern China to the South China Sea (SCS). To accomplish this, we considered a super dust storm (SDS) event in March 2010 and evaluated the dust scheme by including adjustments to the recent calibration (Dust_Refined_1) and bulk density (Dust_Refined_2) refinements individually and in combination (Dust_Refined_3). The Dust_Refined_3 normalized mean bias of PM10 was -30.65% for the 2010 SDS event, which was lower in magnitude compared to Dust_Refined_1 (-41.18%) and Dust_Refined_2 (-49.88%). Indeed, Dust_Refined_3 improved the simulated aerosol optical depth (AOD) value during significant dust cases, e.g., in March 2005, March 2006, and April 2009. Dust_Refined_3 also showed more clearly that, in March 2010, a "double plume"(i.e., one plume originating from the Taiwan Strait and the other from the western Pacific) separated by the Central Mountain Range (CMR) of Taiwan affected dust transport on the island of Dongsha in the SCS. On 15-21 April 2021, both CMAQ simulations and satellite data highlighted the influence of Typhoon Surigae on dust transport to downwind Taiwan and the western Pacific Ocean (WPO). The CMAQ Dust_Refined_3 simulations further revealed that many dust aerosols were removed over the WPO due to Typhoon Surigae. Hence, the model indicated a near-zero dust particle concentration over the WPO, which was significantly different from previous dust transport episodes over the Taiwan region. Therefore, our study suggested an effective method to improve dust management of CMAQ under unique topographical and meteorological conditions.

頁(從 - 到)1041-1058
期刊Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
出版狀態已出版 - 24 1月 2024


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