Knowing whether there is a slab of subducted lithosphere beneath central Taiwan is important for our understanding of the regional tectonic evolution. In this study, we aim at resolving this issue by investigating the seismic effects of a potential near-receiver slab, using data from a local broadband array. Rays from deep and intermediate-depth earthquakes in the Tonga-Kermadec subduction zone to central Taiwan stations exhibit reduced amplitudes and travel times relative to KMNB in the 0.1-0.4 Hz band, with a correlation between the degree of reduction and earthquake latitudes. The overall amplitude reduction observed at central Taiwan stations is not observed for earthquakes from the Hindu Kush. Our analysis suggests that the observations are not caused by crustal structure but by receiver-side heterogeneous mantle or, more specifically, an eastern dipping aseismic slab beneath central Taiwan. The extent of the slab is determined by jointly modeling amplitude and travel time observations at SSLB and TPUB using a 2-D pseudospectral method.