Evaluation of lumbar and hip movement characterization and muscle activities during gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis

Hsin yi Wang, Cheng Yi Ho, Min Chun Pan

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

摘要

Patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) might have gait deviations, but few previous studies have discussed gait compensatory movements of the proximal and distal parts of muscle groups related to KOA. The study aimed to measure lumbar and hip movements during gait test and collect muscle activities of the lower extremities. Thirty-four participants with KOA and 28 healthy participants aged over 50 years were recruited for this study. Lumbar and hip motions during walking test were measured using inertial measurement units. Four muscle groups of the lower extremity (erector spinae, gluteus maximus, quadriceps muscle, and gastrocnemius) activities in gait were collected using surface EMGs. KOA patients used an 2.12∘anterior inclined lumbar spine (p = 0.007) and 22.94∘ flexed hip (p = 0.001) in gait compared to healthy participants. The KOA patients had a small hip movement range 30.19∘(p = 0.001) and a higher asymmetric stance time ratio 0.39 (p = 0.006). Patients with KOA showed decreased erector spinae and gluteus maximus muscle activation and increased activation of the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscles during gait. In conclusion, patients with KOA used a hyperlordotic lumbar and hip flexed strategy, which overactivates distal extensor muscles through the whole gait and might cause overstress on the lower extremity joints.

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頁(從 - 到)1-8
頁數8
期刊Gait and Posture
108
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 2月 2024

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