Epigallocatechin-3-gallate exhibits immunomodulatory effects in human primary T cells

Shih Chung Huang, Yung Hsi Kao, Shao Fu Shih, Min Chien Tsai, Chin Sheng Lin, Liv Weichien Chen, Yi Ping Chuang, Pi Fen Tsui, Ling Jun Ho, Jenn Haung Lai, Sy Jou Chen

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

22 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


T cells secrete several inflammatory cytokines that play a critical role in the progression of atherosclerosis. Although green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) exerts anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects in animals, few studies have identified the mechanism underlying these effects in human primary T cells. This study investigated the pathway involved in EGCG modulation of cytokine secretion in activated human primary T cells. We pre-treated human primary T cells with EGCG (0.1, 1, 5, 10, and 20 μM) for 4 h and incubated them with or without phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate and ionomycin (P/I) for 20 h. The cytokine production, activator protein (AP)-1 binding activity, and level of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, and Western blotting, respectively. At 10 and 20 μM, EGCG decreased interleukin (IL)-2 levels by 26.0% and 38.8%, IL-4 levels by 41.5% and 55.9%, INF-γ levels by 31.3% and 34.7%, and tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels by 23.0% and 37.6%, respectively. In addition, the level of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal (p-JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) was decreased, but not the level of p-p38 MAPK. EGCG did not alter any of the total protein amounts, suggesting a selective effect on specific types of MAPKs in stimulated human T cells. EGCG tended to inactivate AP-1 DNA-binding activity. The P/I-induced production of IL-2, IL-4, INF-γ, and TNF-α by human T cells was suppressed by AP-1 inhibitor in a concentration-dependent manner. In conclusion, EGCG suppressed cytokine secretion in activated human primary T cells, and this effect was likely mediated by AP-1 inactivation through the ERK and JNK, but not p38 MAPK, pathways. These results may be related to the mechanisms through which EGCG inhibits immune- or inflammation-related atherogenesis.

頁(從 - 到)70-76
期刊Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
出版狀態已出版 - 23 4月 2021


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