Enhancing Immiscible Fluid Displacement in Porous Media by Capillary Pressure Discontinuities

C. A. Chung, Hung Yu Lin

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

7 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)

摘要

Fluid displacement in porous media plays an important role in many industrial applications, including biological filtration, carbon capture and storage, enhanced oil recovery, and fluid transport in fuel cells. The displacement front is unstable, which evolves from smooth into ramified patterns, when the mobility (ratio of permeability to viscosity) of the displacing fluid is larger than that of the displaced one; this phenomenon is called viscous fingering. Viscous fingering increases the residual saturation of the displaced fluid, considerably impairing the efficacy of fluid displacement. It is of practical importance to develop suitable methods to improve fluid displacement. This paper presents an experimental study on applying the discontinuity of capillary pressure to improve immiscible fluid displacement in drainage for which the displacing fluid (air) wets the porous media less preferentially than does the displaced fluid (silicone oil). The concept involves using a heterogeneous packing system, where the upstream region features large pores and small capillary pressure, and the downstream region features small pores and large capillary pressure. The increase in capillary pressure prevents fingering from directly crossing the media interface, thus enhancing the displacement. The experimental apparatus was a linear cell comprising porous media between two parallel plates, and glass beads of 0.6 and 0.125 mm diameter were packed to compose the heterogeneous porous media. The time history of the finger flow was recorded using a video camera. Pressure drops over the model from the inlet to the outlet were measured to compare viscous pressure drops with capillary pressures. The results show that the fluid displacement was increased by the capillary discontinuities. The optimal displacement was determined through linear regression by adjusting the relative length of the large- and small-pore region. The results may assist in the understanding of fingering flow across the boundaries of different grain-sized bands for the gas and oil reservoir management, such as setting the relative location of the injection and production wells. The findings may also serve as a reference for industrial applications such as placing the grain bands in an adequate series to improve the displacement efficacy in biological filtration.

原文???core.languages.en_GB???
頁(從 - 到)309-325
頁數17
期刊Transport in Porous Media
120
發行號2
DOIs
出版狀態已出版 - 1 11月 2017

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