Endothelin-1 stimulates suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 gene expression in adipocytes

Hsin Huei Chang, Yao Ming Huang, Chi Peng Wu, Ya Chu Tang, Chi Wei Liu, Chun Hsiung Huang, Low Tone Ho, Liang Yi Wu, Yow Chii Kuo, Yung Hsi Kao

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

13 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Endothelin (ET)-1 and suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-3 were respectively found to regulate energy metabolism and hormone signaling in fat cells. Although ET-1 can also regulate the expression of SOCS-3-stimulating hormones, it is still unknown whether ET-1 regulates SOCS-3 gene expression. This study investigated the pathways involved in ET-1's modulation of SOCS-3 gene expression in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. ET-1 upregulated SOCS-3 mRNA and protein expression in dose- and time-dependent manners. The concentration of ET-1 that increased SOCS-3 mRNA levels by 250-400% was ~100nM with 2-4h of treatment. Treatment with actinomycin D prevented ET-1-stimulated SOCS-3 mRNA expression, suggesting that the effect of ET-1 requires new mRNA synthesis. Pretreatment with the ET type A receptor (ETAR) antagonist, BQ-610, but not the ET type B receptor (ETBR) antagonist, BQ-788, prevented the stimulatory effect of ET-1 on SOCS-3 gene expression. The specific inhibitors of either MEK1 (U-0126 and PD-98059), JAK (AG-490), JNK (SP-600125), or PI3K (LY-294002 and wortmannin) reduced ET-1-increased levels of SOCS-3 mRNA and respectively inhibited ET-1-stimulated activities of MEK1, JAK, JNK, and PI3K. These results imply that the ETAR, ERK, JAK, JNK, and PI3K are functionally necessary for ET-1's stimulation of SOCS-3 gene expression. Moreover, ET-1 was observed to upregulate expressions of SOCS-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, and -6 mRNAs, but not SOCS-7 or cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein-1 mRNAs. This suggests that ET-1 selectively affects particular types of SOCS family members. Changes in SOCS gene expressions induced by ET-1 may help explain the mechanism by which ET-1 modulates hormone signaling of adipocytes.

頁(從 - 到)450-458
期刊General and Comparative Endocrinology
出版狀態已出版 - 15 9月 2012


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