Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is the current treatment option for major depression (MD). Theta-burst stimulation (TBS), a variation of rTMS, affords a short stimulation duration, low stimulation pulse intensity, and possibility to improve rTMS efficiency. This systematic review and meta-analysis examined the studies on efficacy and tolerability of TBS in patients with MD. Methods: This study followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. We searched the literature from 1990 until May 24, 2020, and performed a random-effects meta-analysis by including response and remission rates of depression and dropout rates as main outcome measures. Results: In total, 10 studies including 6 randomized controlled trials (RCTs; n = 294) and 4 uncontrolled clinical trials (non-RCTs; n = 297) were included. The overall effect size of response rate and remission rates were 0.38 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29–0.48) and 0.20 (95% CI: 0.13–0.29), respectively. Notably, the TBS group showed favorable efficacy without major adverse events. Conclusions: TBS treatment was more efficient in terms of time and energy than the standard rTMS was. Our meta-analysis provided evidence that the application of TBS to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex is associated with significant antidepressant effects along with favorable tolerability.
|期刊||Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry|
|出版狀態||已出版 - 2 3月 2021|
指紋深入研究「Efficacy and tolerability of theta-burst stimulation for major depression: A systematic review and meta-analysis」主題。共同形成了獨特的指紋。
- 1 已完成