This study aimed to explore the effects of trace amounts of Mn, Zr, and Sc on the recrystal-lization behavior and corrosion resistance of Al-5Mg alloys after process annealing by means of alloy design and microstructure analysis of electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD), electron microprobe (EPMA), and electron microscopes (TEM and SEM). The main objective was to obtain alloys with better corrosion resistance. The results show that the fine Al3 Zr and Al3 Sc precipitated particles were both superior to the MnAl6 particles in inhibiting grain and sub-grain boundary migrations. Therefore, the Zr-containing and Sc-containing alloys were better than the Mn-containing alloy in inhibiting recrystallization. For further comparison, the thermal stability of the Al3 Sc particles was better than that of the Al3 Zr particles, so the Sc-containing alloy at the high temperature above 350◦ C inhibited grain growth better than the Zr-containing alloy. During the recovery stage of the alloy in the recrystallization process, the β-Mg2 Al3 phase precipitated on the sub-grain boundary, thus reducing the occurrence of intergranular corrosion. However, in the initial stage of recrystal-lization, the β-Mg2 Al3 phase continuously precipitated on the grain boundary, causing obvious intergranular corrosion. For the Sc-containing alloy, because there was no obvious grain growth stage, the β-Mg2 Al3 phase continuously precipitated on the grain boundary, and thereby intergranular corrosion occurred. Therefore, its corrosion resistance was greatly reduced. By contrast, for the alloy containing Mn or Zr, because of obvious grain growth, magnesium atoms aggregated. As a result, the β-Mg2 Al3 phase discontinuously precipitated on the grain boundary. The corrosion morphology was local pitting corrosion rather than intergranular corrosion, and thus the corrosion resistance of the alloy was enhanced. As a novelty, this study clearly observed the sensitized precipitation and corrosion morphology of the β-Mg2 Al3 phase of Al-5Mg alloy under different recrystallization methods. This will be of benefit to the design of anti-corrosion measures for the future manufacturing and application of Al-5Mg alloy.