TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of stratigraphic model uncertainty at a given site on its liquefaction potential index

T2 - comparing two random field approaches

AU - Chien, Wan Ying

AU - Lu, Yu Chen

AU - Juang, C. Hsein

AU - Dong, Jia Jyun

AU - Hung, Wen Yi

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.

PY - 2022/11

Y1 - 2022/11

N2 - Random field theory is often used to model spatial variability of geo-material boundary and property. The results of random field generation based on different theories are quite different; however, few studies discuss the effects of adopting different random field approaches on the established stratigraphic models and their influence on engineering analysis. This article compares two random field approaches for evaluating liquefaction potential at a selected site. Here, based on the results of cone penetration tests (CPTs) at the study site, stratigraphic models are constructed using a continuous random field (conditional random field, CRF) and a discontinuous random field (Markov random field, MRF). Note that the MRF parameters were calibrated with the statistical parameters used in CRF. A series of geological profiles representing realizations of the derived CRF-based and MRF-based stratigraphic models are generated. Then, the liquefaction potential index (LPI) is calculated using the simplified procedure with a simulated geological profile and associated soil parameters. Finally, by repeating the analysis for all realizations of random stratigraphic models, the mean and the coefficient of variation of LPI are determined. Meanwhile, the uncertainty of stratigraphic models generated by CRF and MRF approaches is quantified and expressed as information entropy. Next, the relationship between stratigraphic model uncertainty (as an entropy) and LPI variation (or uncertainty) is established. The results show that: (1) the generation of the stratigraphic model is affected by the chosen random field approach, and the distribution of MRF-based strata is more continuous compared with that of CRF-based strata; (2) due to this effect, the strata uncertainty of CRF simulation is more uniform compared with that of MRF; (3) the information entropy and LPI uncertainty obtained using CRF exhibit moderate correlation, while these parameters obtained using MRF exhibit a strong positive correlation.

AB - Random field theory is often used to model spatial variability of geo-material boundary and property. The results of random field generation based on different theories are quite different; however, few studies discuss the effects of adopting different random field approaches on the established stratigraphic models and their influence on engineering analysis. This article compares two random field approaches for evaluating liquefaction potential at a selected site. Here, based on the results of cone penetration tests (CPTs) at the study site, stratigraphic models are constructed using a continuous random field (conditional random field, CRF) and a discontinuous random field (Markov random field, MRF). Note that the MRF parameters were calibrated with the statistical parameters used in CRF. A series of geological profiles representing realizations of the derived CRF-based and MRF-based stratigraphic models are generated. Then, the liquefaction potential index (LPI) is calculated using the simplified procedure with a simulated geological profile and associated soil parameters. Finally, by repeating the analysis for all realizations of random stratigraphic models, the mean and the coefficient of variation of LPI are determined. Meanwhile, the uncertainty of stratigraphic models generated by CRF and MRF approaches is quantified and expressed as information entropy. Next, the relationship between stratigraphic model uncertainty (as an entropy) and LPI variation (or uncertainty) is established. The results show that: (1) the generation of the stratigraphic model is affected by the chosen random field approach, and the distribution of MRF-based strata is more continuous compared with that of CRF-based strata; (2) due to this effect, the strata uncertainty of CRF simulation is more uniform compared with that of MRF; (3) the information entropy and LPI uncertainty obtained using CRF exhibit moderate correlation, while these parameters obtained using MRF exhibit a strong positive correlation.

KW - Liquefaction potential index

KW - Markov random field

KW - conditional random field

KW - information entropy

KW - stratigraphic model uncertainty

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85138450112&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.enggeo.2022.106838

DO - 10.1016/j.enggeo.2022.106838

M3 - 期刊論文

AN - SCOPUS:85138450112

VL - 309

JO - Engineering Geology

JF - Engineering Geology

SN - 0013-7952

M1 - 106838

ER -