## 摘要

The magnetosheath plasma is usually neither isotropic nor adiabatic. This paper contains an attempt to decribe its thermodynamic properties in terms of two polytropic laws, p⟂/ρB^{γ⟂−1} = C_{⟂} and p_{∥}B^{γ∥−1} / ρ^{γ∥} = C_{∥}, such that for γ_{⟂} = 2, γ_{∥} = 3 the usual Chew‐Goldberger‐Low double‐adiabatic expressions are recovered and for γ_{⟂} = 1, γ_{∥} = 1 double‐isothermal conditions are obtained. Using data from the AMPTE/IRM spacecraft, we show that the subsolar magnetosheath plasma may be better described by the double‐polytropic laws than by the mirror instability threshold, in particular in the low beta region near the magnetopause. The inferred polytropic exponents vary from event to event but are typically in the ranges of γ_{⟂} = 0.94 ± 0.10 and γ_{∥} =1.14 ± 0.13 for the 29 cases we have examined.

原文 | ???core.languages.en_GB??? |
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頁（從 - 到） | 2255-2258 |

頁數 | 4 |

期刊 | Geophysical Research Letters |

卷 | 20 |

發行號 | 20 |

DOIs | |

出版狀態 | 已出版 - 22 10月 1993 |