A simple drop-cast method to directly deposit Nafion polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) on nanostructured thin-film catalyst layer composed of stacked Pt nanoparticles prepared by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) was demonstrated. Through optimization of solvent composition and drying temperature of Nafion solution to control self-organization of Nafion, a uniform PEM with better bulk and interface microstructures could be produced, leading to a significant improvement in the output current density of a PEM fuel cell over that using reference commercial PEMs. The formation of facile proton conduction pathways in the bulk Nafion membrane resulted in a 35% reduction in ohmic resistance compared to that with the commercial membrane. Moreover, the infiltration of Nafion in the catalyst layer formed suitable proton transport network to render more catalyst nanoparticles effective and thus lower charge-transfer resistance. With the optimized PLD, drop-cast, and hot-pressing conditions, the current density of PEMFCs using drop-casted PEM reached 1902 mA cm−2 at 0.6 V at 2 atm H2 and O2 pressures with a cathode Pt loading of 100 μg cm−2, corresponding to a power density of 1.14 W cm−2 and a cathode mass-specific power density of 11.4 kW g−1.
|期刊||International Journal of Hydrogen Energy|
|出版狀態||已被接受 - 2022|