Recent studies have shown that structural damage exhibits stronger correlations with cumulative absolute velocity (CAV) than other ground motion intensity measures (e.g., PGA). This paper presents a CAV site-effect assessment for the Taipei areas for the first time. The study was based on more than 1200 strong-motion data from 47 major earthquakes that had occurred around Taiwan. The results show that the site effects are more conspicuous in the western Taipei than the eastern areas, and it is also obvious that the site effect is strong in locations close to the rims of the basin, where seismic waves could be easily reflected, refracted and superimposed. Subsequently, a map showing the areas in Taipei subject to severe CAV amplification and/or high variability was developed for site-effect microzonation for the study area, on the basis of CAV that was considered better correlated with structural damage under earthquake condition.