Calcitriol and enamel matrix derivative differentially regulated cemento-induction and mineralization in human periodontal ligament-derived cells

Hsiang Hsi Hong, Ting An Chou, Adrienne Hong, Yi Fang Huang, Tzung Hai Yen, Chao Hua Liang, Alex Hong, Hui Yi Hsiao, Chung Yi Nien

研究成果: 雜誌貢獻期刊論文同行評審

1 引文 斯高帕斯(Scopus)


Background: Alveolar bone and cementum share many biological and developmental similarities. The mineralizing effect of calcitriol has been previously reported. Yet, its cemento-inductivity has not been confirmed. This study evaluated the potential cemento-inductivity effect of calcitriol and enamel matrix derivative (EMD) on human periodontal ligament-derived cells (hPDLCs). Methods: The hPDLCs obtained from extracted third molars or premolars were cultured with calcitriol, or EMD. Cementogenic gene expression was examined using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Expression analysis also included cementoblast-specific markers, cementum protein 1 (CEMP1), cementum attachment protein (CAP), and recently reported cementoblast-enriched genes, secreted frizzled related protein 1 (SFRP1), and Dickkopf-related protein 1 (DKK1). Mineralization capacities were evaluated by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, Alizarin Red, and Von Kossa staining followed by scanning electron microscope imaging and element mapping. Results: Among tested conditions, 10 nM calcitriol enhanced most cementogenic gene expression, transforming growth factor-β1, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP-2 and BMP-4), core-binding factor subunit alpha-1/Runt-related transcription factor 2, Type I collagen, ALP, bone sialoprotein, osteopontin), osteocalcin, CEMP1, and CAP, and Wnt signaling negative modulators, SFRP1 and DKK1, along with highest ALP activity and mineralization formation in hPDLCs. However, only moderate CEMP1 protein was observed. In contrast, EMD stimulated stronger CEMP1 and CAP protein, but presented weaker mineralization capacity, hinting at the possibility that strong stimulation of mineralization might dominate cemetogenic specific factors and vice versa. Conclusions: Calcitriol demonstrated not only great osteoinductivity, but also the potential to induce cementogenic gene expression by initiating hPDLC differentiation and promoting mineralization. Compared with calcitriol, EMD promoted cemento-inductivity in hPDLCs at a later time point via highly expressed CEMP1 and CAP protein, but with less mineralization. Thus, calcitriol and EMD could provide differential enhancement of cemento-induction and mineralization, likely acting at various differentiation stages.

期刊Journal of Periodontology
出版狀態已被接受 - 2021


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